楼主:周门户 时间:2017年10月19日 11:32:23 点击:0 回复:0
Conversation 1A: This is nice material. What is it?B: it 0% contton.A: How much is it?B: It very good material. It four dollars a meter.A: Four dollars! That too expensive. But it very attractive.B: How much can you pay, madam?A: Ill pay three dollars a meter.B: Ill make a special price you, madam. Three dollars fifty cents a meter.A: No, three dollars.B: You are very smart. OK, Ill give you this price. Hope youll come again.A:这料子挺漂亮的,是什么面料?B:百分之百纯棉的A:多少钱?B:这料子很好,美元一米A:美元!太贵了,不过挺吸引人的B:您给多少钱,夫人?A:3美元一米B:我给您一个特价吧,夫人3美元50美分一米吧A:不,3美元B:您太精了,好吧,给您这个价,希望下次再来5.Some Owls Use Their Faces As Radar Dishes5.有些猫头鹰把脸当作雷达天线Owls are the wise old patrons of the animal kingdom. Under their sagacious sheen, the birds are adept assassins. In fact, owl bodies are packed with loads of evolutionary goodies that allow them to locate and eftlessly swoop down on any creature that piques their appetite or ire.猫头鹰是动物王国里聪明的老牌守望者在它们睿智的光辉下,这些鸟儿也都是熟练的刺客事实上,猫头鹰身上有数之不尽因进化而来的好东西这使得它们能够轻而易举地定位并俯身冲向任何激起它们的食欲或怒火的猎物One indispensable facet of the owl toolkit is its face. Most animal heads are either round with fluff or pointy with muzzles, but owls sport flat, elliptical faces. And a good reason—theyre able to use them as biological satellite dishes. The iconic flat shape funnels sound waves toward the ears, allowing the owl to detect the slightest of rustles. The ears themselves are also quite odd because they are not level. Instead, one ear rests above the other. This provides owls an even more accurate audio survey of their surroundings because they automatically the slight time difference between sound waves reaching each ear. This amazing adaptation gives owls a sense of hearing times sharper than ours and the ability to pluck unassuming rodents from underneath layers of snow.猫头鹰的工具箱里有一样东西决不可缺,那就是它的脸大多数动物的头部不是圆圆毛毛的就是尖尖刺刺的,可是猫头鹰却拥有扁平而呈椭圆型的脸猫头鹰可以把脸当作生物卫星天线自然有它们的道理他们这个标志性的扁平脸能够把声波都收集并传送到耳朵里,使得连最轻微的沙沙声也能被觉察猫头鹰的耳朵也是够奇葩的,因为两只耳朵不在同一水平线上,而是,一只耳朵在另一只的上面这让猫头鹰能对周围进行更加准确的音频调查,因为就连声波到达耳朵那最细微的时间差也被考虑在内了这个对环境的绝妙适应能力使猫头鹰拥有比平常人敏锐倍的听力,也使得它们能够把深藏在雪地底下默不作声的啮齿动物一把揪出来.Some Turtles Anuses Double As Respiratory Systems.有些海龟的也可以作为呼吸系统White-throated snapping turtles—as well as other turtle species—faced a tricky evolutionary challenge: Theyre turtles. Slow of foot and short of weapons, these animals prefer to avoid confrontation by hiding underwater. Constantly resurfacing air would leave them vulnerable to attacks, so the turtles developed a resourceful skill. They breathe through their anuses.白颔鳄龟,还有一些其他的龟类,经历过一段比较棘手的进化过程:因为他们这些海龟,走路慢,又没有什么可以防身的武器,所以他们更宁愿藏在深水中,从而可以避免冲突而连续不断的浮出水面换气,会使得他们变得很容易受到攻击,所以这些海龟就进化出一种特别机智的技能,就是它们可以通过进行呼吸Seriously. Unlike the single-function anuses of other creatures, a turtle end tube is called a cloaca and deals with the evacuation of all waste. It also takes up respiratory duties, too, so the furtive turtles can remain safely submerged days at a time. Through this cloacal respiration, the turtle draws oxygen from water that passes through its backside—think of it like anal gills—and remains hidden from predators.Sadly, murky water caused by all sorts of industrial processes is mucking up the turtles anuses and has left them teetering on the brink of being wiped out of their preferred habitats. Full of sediment and chemical crud, the harsher waters have limited these poor creatures evasive efts, and it believed that less than 1 percent survive to adulthood.说真的,不像其他物种的只有唯一的功能一样,海龟尾部的那根管子叫做泄殖腔,就是用来处理各种排泄物的并且它还有作为呼吸系统的作用,所以偷偷摸摸的海龟在一次沉入海底数十天后还能够安然无恙通过身体的泄殖腔进行呼吸,海龟可以从经过屁股下面的水中吸取氧气,而这个泄殖腔就像一个鳃一样,这样的话海龟就可以藏起来避免遇见捕食者不过不幸的是,各种工业过程中造成的污浊的水正在影响破坏海龟的,并且已经让它们被迫徘徊在搬离生存已久的栖息地的边缘了充满沉淀物和化学物质的脏东西,以及糟糕的水环境,让这些可怜的家伙们逃避这些糟糕环境的行为受到了限制,并且据说少于1%的海龟可以活到成年期3.Bat Wings Are Full Of Sophisticated Wind Sensors3.蝙蝠的翅膀上布满了各种复杂的风力传感器Bats pull off all sorts of insane acrobatics to catch their prey, and scientists want to steal their secrets to build better aircraft. As the only mammals clever enough to have mastered self-powered flight, the speedy daredevils offer a different technological inspiration compared to birds and flying insects. But in light of a recent study, were probably not getting bat-winged planes anytime soon.蝙蝠赢得了各种疯狂的杂技来抓捕他们的猎物,并且科学家们也想通过窃取蝙蝠的秘密来制作更好的飞行器作为唯一一个拥有自主充电飞行器的聪明的哺乳动物,和其他的鸟类以及飞行类的昆虫相比,这些迅速的冒失鬼们给我们带来了不同寻常的科技灵感但是根据最近的研究,我们可能还不会在短时间内掌握蝙蝠翅膀飞行器的奥秘Bat wings are nothing short of miraculous. Researchers recorded activity in the bats sensory neurons as puffs of air were shot at the many tiny hairs on their wings and found an incredibly complex wing–brain connection. To perm their crazy tricks, bats literally feel out the air, using their fuzz as a sensory organ that delivers immediate, detailed feedback about changes in airflow. This incredible tactile sensitivity makes the bat wing the ultimate aerodynamic tool—far better than anything weve ever created, anyway. The multipurpose wing acts as a propeller, flipper, airplane wing, airfoil, and then some, according to Cynthia F. Moss, a neuroscientist at Johns Hopkins University.蝙蝠的翅膀是相当的奇妙的在它们冲向天空的时候,研究者们记录了蝙蝠感觉神经元中的活动,发现在它们的翅膀上有很多细小胡须,并且发现了它们翅膀与大脑之间的一个难以置信的复杂联系在进行这个复杂的联系时,蝙蝠能够真正用身体来感受空气,并且使用它们的绒毛作为传感器细胞,而这些绒毛可以快速的,并且详细的传达气流改变的反馈这个不可思议的触觉感官让蝙蝠的翅膀成为终极的空气动力学的工具,而且比我们之前创造出的任何一样工具都好得多根据约翰霍普金斯大学的神经学科学家辛西娅.F.莫斯的说法,这个多功能的翅膀既可以做螺旋桨,橡皮脚掌,飞机翅膀,又可以做翼形以及其他用途.Golden-Winged Warbler Ears Can Detect Tornadoes.金翅莺的耳朵能预测风暴Sporting signature yellow-tinged patches and weighing in at only 9 grams (0.3 oz), golden-winged warblers are adorably tiny. Theyre also absolute workhorses, embarking on seasonal migrations that span about 5,000 kilometers (3,000 mi).十分娇小玲珑的金翅莺身上带着亮丽标志性的黄色斑块,体重仅有9克(0.3盎司)它们还是特别会吃苦耐劳的候鸟,每次季节性迁徙都要长途飞行5000米(3000英里)左右In , researchers discovered the warblers secret superpower—the ability to predict tornadoes. It all started when five geotagged birds surprised scientists by ditching their nesting sites a 650-kilometer detour to Mexico. This was several days after the completion of their migratory journey, so it wasnt clear why the capricious warblers departed early. The following day, tornadoes swept through the area. It appears that the diminutive warblers ears are tuned to detect low-frequency noises, such as the rumble of an approaching tornado, which the birds can detect a couple days and hundreds of kilometers in advance.This was a discovery courtesy of accidental science; the warbler project wasnt meant to ascertain any specific inmation. Instead, the goal was simply to find out whether the small, finicky birds could be efficiently tracked using geolocators.年,研究人员发现金翅莺不为人知的能力——预测风暴发现这个秘密源于五只进行了地理标记的金翅莺突然抛弃它们原有的栖息地,绕道650千米远去到墨西哥,这让科学家感到非常奇怪科学家们不明白为什么金翅莺才刚开始迁徙没几天就换路线次日,风暴横扫了这片区域显然,金翅莺的耳朵可以探测到低频声波,比如风暴接近时产生的声波,很多候鸟可以提前探测到几天后和数百公里外大型风暴带来的低频声波此次发现是科学探究意外的馈赠,金翅莺的研究项目本来是没有明确的目标的而这次研究只是想要知道如此小巧精致的鸟儿能否用地理定位器追踪而已1.Moth Genitals Produce Ultrasound1.飞蛾的生殖器可发射超声波Genitals have an obvious purpose in the animal kingdom, and rarely do they deviate from that ultimate goal. Some moths, however, have truly spectacular multipurpose members that act as sonic jammers to deceive bats.动物生殖器的功能显而易见,很少有动物的生殖器偏离繁衍生殖这种根本的功能但是,有些飞蛾的生殖器确实有除了基本功能之外的作用,它可以发出干扰性的声波蒙蔽蝙蝠Tom and Jerry would have been more accurately cast as bat and moth; the two latter species have been locked in a never-ending evolutionary game of roshambo. continued survival, each has had to develop new techniques to either hunt or evade. Thanks to the glory of evolution, adaptations come in all shapes and sizes.Case in point: sonar-jamming penises, which sprang up about 6 million years ago. Compared to their mortal foe, moths look smaller and less ferocious, but dont be fooled. They pack thorny barbs on their legs and are excellent flyers. Most impressively, by rasping their penises against their abdomens, moths generate ultrasonic pulses similar to the echolocation pings bats use to hone in on prey.动画片里汤姆和杰瑞(老鼠和猫)上演的对峙就像蝙蝠和飞蛾的关系这两个处在生物链末端的物种被锁定在没完没了的你输我赢的进化斗中为了繁衍生存下去,所有生物都不得不强大自己去进攻或防守敌人由于自然选择规律,适者生存适用于整个自然界比如,可发出干扰性声波的生殖器是在600万年前进化来的和他们的死敌蝙蝠相比,飞蛾虽然看起来更小更弱,但不要被它们的外表给骗了他们不仅能把带刺的倒钩绑在腿上,还是个卓越的飞行员更令人震撼的是,通过生殖器与腹部的擦,飞蛾能够发出超声波脉冲这种超声波脉冲和蝙蝠的回声定位的脉冲差不多,不过,蝙蝠更多用它来捕食审校:齐墨 编辑:旭旭 来源:前十网 378A: Hi, do you know a place that sells cheap cashmere sweaters?你好,你知道卖便宜羊绒毛衣的地方吗?B: An outlet carries cheap cashmere sweaters.批发商场有便宜的毛衣A: That a good idea!好主意B: Ive always had good luck at outlets.在批发商店我总能交到好运气A: Thank you the suggestion.谢谢你的意见B: I hope you find a nice sweater.愿你能找到漂亮的毛衣 000Dialogue AA:Here is the fried beef with green pepper and onion.B:Mm,It looks good.And I have ordered another dish-plain fried shrimps.A:It coming.B:What is this?A:It sweet and sour pork.B:Im afraid there is a mistake.I ordered a sweet and sour fish.A:Im sorry,sir. I got it wrong. Will you keep the sweet and sour pork,or should I get the sweet and sour fish you?B:That all right.Ill take it anyway.A:Thank you very much.Dialogue BMr Bell(B) is having his last dish.He finds it different from what he has ordered.B:Excuse me, sir. I ordered the hairy crab but you gave me the green crab.Waiter(W):Im sorry, sir.Ill get you the head-waiter.(Soon the head-waiter(HW)comes.)HW:Im awfully sorry.There must have been some mistake.I do apologize giving you the wrong dish.Ill change it immediately you.The crab will take minutes to prepare.Would you take come complimentary drink while waiting?B:Im afraid I dont have enough time to wait the next crab.I have an appointment at 7∶00 in my room.Now it 6∶5.HW:Oh, you are staying at our hotel.Mr…B:Bell,Henry Bell.HW:Room…?B:Room 9.HW:Oh,Mr Bell,I shall ask the Room Service to serve you a snack at 9∶30 tonight,and youll have your favorite hairy crab.It all on the house.And now try the green crab if you dont mind.Well cross the green crab off the bill.B:That good.Thank you.HW:Thank you telling us,Mr Bell.I assure you it wont happen again.Please take your time and enjoy yourself.And I hope you have a good time at our hotel.Words and Expressionsshrimp n.虾plain fried shrimps 清炒虾仁sour a.酸味的sweet and sour pork糖醋肉apologize vi.道歉complimentary a.免费赠送的 18

A:Good morning ,welcome to Bank of the USA. How may I help you today? 早晨好,欢迎来到美国,我能为你做点什么?B:Hi,I need to transfer some money to another . It’s urgent. 你好,我需要将钱转到另一个账号,很紧急A:Okay, have you made a wire transfer at our bank bee? 好的,你以前在我们电汇过吗?B:No. I’ve never made a transfer bee. 没有,我早先没转过A:It’s alright, I will take you through the procedure. Are you transferring funds to a company or an individual ? 好吧,我会指导你如何办手续,你是将钱转到另一个公司账户还是个人账户?B:A company . I need to pay a bill. 公司账户,我需要付钱A:Okay, I’ll need the name of the company and their bank routing number as well as their bank’s address and phone number.好的,我要知道公司的名字和开户号还有他们的地址和手机号B:I have all the inmation in this folder. 文件里有所有信息A:Well. You’ve come prepared. I have all the necessary materials so we can go ahead and make the transfer right now. It’s a simple transaction, and we can process it today. 看来你已经准备好了,你已经有必须的材料,现在我们就能转账这是个简单的手续,我们今天就能办理B:Oh, that’s such a relief. I didn’t want the payment to be overdue. Thank you so much. 那让我感到了些宽慰我不想付款付晚了,非常感谢谢谢A:It’s my pleasure. 为你务是我的荣幸 9

(Sounds of kids laughing and playing)Y: 今天我和Patrick打高尔夫球P: Im teaching Yang, well, Im trying to teach Yang Chen, how to play golf.Y: Are you sure this is a golf course?P: This place is great! What were you expecting?Y: Well, I was hoping to meet Tiger Woods. 这里都是小孩儿,简直就是个游乐场啊P: It sort of like an amusement park. This is putt putt golf, or, just putt putt.Y: Putt putt, 听起来好可爱P: Yeh, children such as yourself, Yang Chen. So anyway, putt means miniature golf, little golf.Y: 噢,迷你高尔夫球So it not a real golf course.P: So, Yang Chen, if we went to a real golf course we would be the worst players on the course.Y: No, you are the worst player.Y: Oh god, 欺负小孩子. Shame on you.P: ...especially you, but here we play with little kids so we can kick their butts!Y: Oh, god, 欺负小孩,shame on you.P: I do it all the time. Stop complaining and grab a club. Let tee off.Y: Tea? 喝茶?M: No, you spell this tee T-E-E, it a small peg that holds the golf ball. Tee off means to start a round of golf. You can also use tee off in everyday life when you start something.Y: T-e-e, 就是高尔夫球的球座 Tee off就是开始我们的老板昨天teed off the staff meeting with a great speech, dont you think?P: You dont have to拍他的马屁. He cant hear you. Let just play putt putt and kick some little kids butt butt.Y: Let tee off. 55

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