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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年10月22日 16:22:00
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Thanksgiving break is here, which means it#39;s time for the “Turkey Drop”.感恩节假期来临,这也意味着“放弃火鸡”的时候到了。Many college freshmen are home this week for the first time since August. They’ll retreat to what is comfortable – spending time with family, old friends, and for some, a high-school sweetheart. Thanksgiving will also be a time for big questions, particularly for those freshmen still in high-school relationships. Did they take advantage of their first three months in college, or did they lose out by spending too much time on Skype? During their first trip home, freshmen have to decide whether they stick it out with their first love, or succumb to what is known as the “Turkey Drop”— the phenomenon of high-school couples breaking up when they come home for their first Thanksgiving.本周很多大学新生都会回到家中,这也是自八月以来的首次。他们将重返舒适的生活——与家人、老朋友、对一些人来说,还有高中时的男女朋友呆在一起。感恩节也是解决一些大问题的日子,尤其是那些还保持着高中时期情侣关系的大学新生们。他们是否充分利用了大学的前三个月呢?或者他们是否因为花费太多时间在网络电话上而过于松懈了呢?在他们第一个归家假期里,大一新生们必须要作出决定——是要继续他的初恋,还是向著名的“放弃火鸡”理论屈。(“放弃火鸡”理论是指高中情侣们纷纷在第一个感恩节放假回家时提出分手的现象。)Much of my own freshman year in college was determined by one recurring scene. A friend knocks on my door. She tells me her plans for the night – maybe a sorority party or a pregame in a friend’s room – and asks me if I want to come along. I look at her, all dolled up in heels and a cute crop top, and then I look back at my bed, soft and warm, offering a Saturday night of TV, calls with high-school friends, and microwavable macaroni and cheese. Do I push myself to meet new people (and risk spending the next four hours smiling and saying “hey, where are you from?” so many times that my face starts to hurt), or do I fall back on the familiar?我大一那年总是反复出现这样一个场景。一个朋友敲响了我的房门。她告诉我她今晚的计划——可能要去一个朋友的房间参加一个女生联谊会或者一个赛前准备活动——问我要不要加入。我看着她,穿着高跟鞋,装扮可爱,然后目光又定格在自己的床上,温暖舒适,似乎过一个周六电视夜,叫上高中时的朋友,再准备一些微波通心粉和奶酪才是我想要的。我是应该让自己去认识一些新的人(并且冒着花费接下来的四个小时不停地微笑、寒暄“嗨,你家是哪的?”直到面部僵硬为止的风险),还是继续过我熟悉的那种生活?One Princeton junior told me that, during her first three months in college, she stayed in her room every Friday and Saturday night. She didn’t go out because her high-school boyfriend didn’t want her to. The first time she drank alcohol, he “fell apart.” When she signed up to join a sorority, he started a screaming match. She knew she was missing out on important college experiences, but there was still something that made her stay with him for the first few months.一个普林斯顿的大三生告诉我,在大学的前三个月里,她每个周五周六都呆在自己的房间。她不出去是因为她高中的男朋友不希望她出去。她第一次喝酒,他“崩溃”了。她报名参加一个女生联谊会,他开始大呼小叫。她知道她错过了很多重要的大学经历,但是在这几个月里总有些什么让她觉得不能和他分手。“First semester of freshman year, you don’t have that many real friends, so when my high-school boyfriend would show up, I would be like, ‘Yes, here is someone I trust, that I can actually tell things to,’” another junior said. “He was someone who would just instantly understand what was happening with me emotionally. I would want to just hole up in my room for the rest of the weekend, talking to him.”“大一的上学期,没有什么真心朋友,所以当我高中的男朋友出现时,我就会觉得‘对,他就是我信任的人,我可以倾诉的人’”,另一个大三生说道。“他就是会立刻懂得我在想什么的人。我愿意整个周末都把自己关在房间里,跟他聊天。”So when does this affinity for the familiar start to change? In the first few months of college, there are those long, lonely freshman nights – times when you wonder whether you’ve actually made any real friends. By November, however, most freshmen have gotten over the worst of their homesickness. The “Turkey Drop” happens in part because freshmen realize they no longer need the safety blanket of their high school significant other.那么这种亲密的关系是从什么时候开始改变的呢?在大学里的前几个月,总会有一些漫长又孤寂的新生夜——那些夜晚你会不住地想自己是否有真正的朋友。然而到了十一月,大多数新生都从想家最折磨的阶段恢复了出来。“火鸡”现象的发生部分是因为新生们意识到他们已经不再需要高中那个至关重要的另一半带来的安全感。According to Dr. Christopher Thurber, a psychologist at Phillips Exeter Academy, going home for Thanksgiving – being surrounded by people they love – can actually help freshmen to get over their homesickness. “When you’re homesick, your actions – being tearful, staying in your room a lot – will cue in the people around you, and prompt an appropriate social response,” said Thurber. “People will reach out to you, and that often will boost the student’s confidence. This in turn will help them overcome feelings of homesickness.”Christopher Thurber士,一个菲利普斯埃克塞特学院的心理学家表示,回家过感恩节——周围都是自己爱的人——会让新生们的恋家情绪不治而愈。“在你想家的时候,你的行为——眼泪汪汪,经常闷在自己的房间——会给你周围的人发出一个信号,带来一个适当的社会反应,”Thurber说道。“人们会去接近你,这也会提高学生的自信。反过来,这也会帮助他们克恋家情绪。”When I came home for Thanksgiving my freshman year, I was also shocked by how much I’d changed. I went to a high school where the majority of students had been living in the same town since kindergarten. Most people had similar views on political issues and didn’t have experience with cultures different from our own. Then I moved into my freshman dorm, and met a roommate who had just flown in from South Korea. At Thanksgiving, it felt strange to reunite with my group of high school girlfriends, who all grew up within a 20-mile radius.在我大一那年回家过感恩节的时候,我完全被自己的改变震惊了。我就读的高中大多数学生都从幼儿园起就住在一个镇上。大多数人对于政治问题都保持着相似的见解,也没经历过和我们小镇不同的文化氛围。之后我搬进了新生寝室,室友刚刚从韩国来。感恩节的时候,再和我高中的朋友们重聚显得些许怪异,她们都在二十英里以外的地方长大了。;A freshman will think, ‘When I was with this girl in high school, I thought we were going to be together forever. Then I got to college and saw that there was so much going on – different people and places and things.’ The committed match that you had in your mind might not look the same when you go home for Thanksgiving,” said Thurber.“新生可能会觉得‘高中时我们俩在一起的时候,我以为我们一辈子都会在一起。之后我上了大学,发现未来的路还很长——不同的人,不同的地方和不同的事。’你脑海中曾经坚定的想法可能在你回家过感恩节的时候又不一样了,”Thurber说道。Almost everyone I interviewed said there was no way to casually be in a long-distance relationship in college. If you were weren#39;t together everyday on campus, then you had to make sacrifices, and you didn#39;t make sacrifices if things weren#39;t serious. One junior told me that, freshman year, her high-school boyfriend revealed his plans to propose the day after graduation. She broke up with him a few weeks later.几乎所有受访者都表示在大学里维持长距离的关系可能性不大。如果你们不能在大学里每天在一起,就必须得做出一些牺牲,而如果不够认真你就不会做出牺牲。一个大三生称,大一时,她高中时的男朋友透露说毕业的第二天就会向她求婚,而几周后,她就提出分手了。;The nice thing about the college atmosphere in terms of relationships is that you can ease in to them – you don’t have to know where you stand, you don’t have to be really certain,” said a current college junior. “But with long distance, there’s the implication that you’re in it for the long haul. Having a long-distance relationship in college doesn’t just mean long distance. It means long distance, long term.”“对于关系,大学氛围最好的一件事就是你可以轻松地享受这段关系——你不需要知道你在哪,也不需要十分确定,”一个现在就读大学三年级的人说道。“但是长距离的关系就意味着你要长期维持。大学里的异地恋不仅仅意味着距离远,也是在说双方的感情要维持很久。”By late November, you realize that the long-distance, marriage-proposal kind of commitment is fundamentally opposed to the ideals we’re taught to associate with college. A lot of women told me they felt guilty about having a high-school boyfriend because it just wasn’t what you were “supposed” to do as a freshman. When I asked them exactly what they were supposed to be doing instead, no one had a concrete answer. A few vaguely mentioned drinking more heavily, or being free to consent to a dance floor make-out, but there was clearly something else.到十一月下旬,你就会意识到长距离,以婚姻为目标的承诺和我们与大学联系在一起的想法是完全相悖的。很多女性都告诉我有一个高中男朋友让她们感到很内疚,因为这并不是一个大学新生应做的事。我反问她们那个时候到底应该做些什么时,没人给我一个具体的答复。有几个人含糊地回答说应该多喝些酒,作为“自由人”去赴舞池约会,但当然不止这些。From movies like Animal House, Van Wilder, and 21 and Over, we get this idea that college is the only time in our lives when we can do stupid, drunken things and not get in too much trouble. The bridge of Asher Roth’s legendary rap anthem, “I Love College,” offers freshmen just one piece of advice: “Do something crazy!” In college, you’re supposed to make mistakes because those mistakes become cool stories – the kind that build character and street cred. But it’s hard to feel free to make bad decisions when you’ve got someone from home sending you a constant stream of text messages on Saturday night.从《动物爱回家》,《留级之王》,《21玩过界》等电影中,大学是我们生命中唯一一段可以做愚蠢的事却惹不上大麻烦的时光。罗斯(Asher Roth)的传奇饶舌颂歌的桥梁,“我爱大学,”给大学新生们提出了一条意见:“做点儿疯狂的事!”在大学里,你应该犯错,因为这些错误日后都会变成很酷的故事——能塑造性格和名声的那种。但是如果家那边有个人总在周六的晚上给你发一条又一条的信息,你可没办法去自由地做这些事。There’s more to this cultural idea of college than wild parties. Leaving home, we’re told that the next four years will be a time to experiment and figure out what we want to contribute to the world. Most juniors and seniors I know chose to major in a department different from the one they listed on their college application. That’s because we’ve all taken risks, learning about topics we didn’t expect to love. The whole process is trial and error: Try a lot of different things, and see what works. The biggest pressure for freshmen to “turkey drop” comes from knowing that we may never again be this free to explore.而大学的文化层面甚至比聚会狂欢还包含更多。一离开家,我们被告知接下来的四年试验并搞清楚我们想为世界贡献些什么的时间。我认识的大多数大三生和大四生都选择了和他们大学申报表上填写的不同专业,这是因为我们都冒了险,学习一些我们没预料到会喜欢的内容。整个过程就是反复试验:尝试很多不同的东西,看哪个好用。大学新生“火鸡放弃”最大的压力就是明白我们可能再也没法这样自由地去探索了。 /201312/267168In a cultural twofer that makes it Frank Gehry week here, the Louis Vuitton Foundation, a private cultural center and contemporary-art museum designed by Mr. Gehry, had its official inaugural ceremony on Monday, attended by the French president, Fran#231;ois Hollande. At the same time, the Pompidou Center across town is giving Mr. Gehry, based in Los Angeles, a major career retrospective.巴黎,本周可谓弗兰克·盖里(Frank Gehry)周(本文最初发表于2014年10月21日——编注)。周一的时候,盖里先生设计的路易威登基金会大楼(Louis Vuitton Foundation)举行了正式落成仪式,这是一个具有双重用途的文化建筑——它既是一处私有的文化中心,也是一座当代艺术物馆。出席落成仪式的,包括法国总统弗朗索瓦·奥朗德。与此同时,位于巴黎另一侧的蓬皮杜中心(Pompidou Center)为这位来自洛杉矶的建筑师举办了大型的回顾展,这也是他在欧洲的第一个职业生涯展。The Pompidou exhibition, “Frank Gehry,” establishes a narrative arc for a career that effectively started with small-scale, experimental wood-frame studios and houses in Southern California and culminates in the Vuitton Foundation in the Bois de Boulogne, which some critics have called one of the most technologically sophisticated, artistically motivated buildings of his oeuvre. A 126,000-square-foot, 5 million structure that formally opens to the public next Monday, it promises to add a major contemporary monument to Paris’s long list of historic architecture.蓬皮杜中心的“弗兰克·盖里展”从南加州的试验性小型木结构工作室和住宅开始,以位于布洛涅林苑 (Bois de Boulogne)的路易威登基金会大楼结束,为这位建筑师的职业生涯建立了一条叙述弧。一些建筑家认为,路易威登基金会大楼是弗兰克·盖里的所有作品中技术最为复杂、最具艺术感的建筑之一。这个占地12.6万平方英尺、耗资1.35亿美元的建筑将在下周一正式对公众开放,无疑令巴黎厚重的历史建筑名单上又增添了一件重大的当代杰作。At the end of the ceremony, President Hollande described the building as a “cathedral of light” that was “a miracle of intelligence, creativity and technology.”在落成仪式的最后,奥朗德总统形容该建筑是“智慧、创造力和技术的奇迹”,是一座“开明大教堂”(cathedral of light)。Mr. Gehry’s moment in Paris comes after his Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial in Washington was approved last week, following a bruising five-year process in which Mr. Gehry’s design went through more than 15 committees and commissions and many adjustments. In Paris, after settling concerns about building in a park, he needed the approval of only one client, Bernard Arnault, chairman and chief executive of the luxury goods conglomerate LVMH, whose foundation owns the new building.盖里的“巴黎时刻”到来之前,就在上一周,他设计的华盛顿艾森豪威尔纪念碑(Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial )获得了通过,该方案在五年时间里经过了至少15个委员会的评估,做了大量的修改。在巴黎,平息了公众对于在公园里兴建建筑的疑虑之后,盖里只需要获得一个人的许可,他就是大型奢侈品集团LVMH的董事会主席和首席执行官伯纳德·阿诺特(Bernard Arnault),他的基金会是这栋新建筑的主人。“The guy knew what he wanted, and he wanted a building that would be different than anything else anybody had ever seen,” said Mr. Gehry, interviewed over coffee on Monday in his hotel off the Champs #201;lysées.“他很清楚自己想要一个什么样的建筑,他要的是一个前所未见的东西,”周一的时候,盖里在位于香榭丽舍大道附近的酒店,就着咖啡接受采访的时候说道。Mr. Arnault hired Mr. Gehry, he has said, after seeing his Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, a spectacle of fluid forms that reshaped that city’s derelict waterfront while enclosing classical white galleries inside. At Vuitton, Mr. Gehry builds on the Bilbao precedent, creating a more complex structure clad in glass rather than titanium.阿诺特曾经说过,他在看了盖里设计的西班牙毕尔巴鄂古根海姆美术馆之后,就决定让他来做设计;那是一个有着流畅线条的壮观建筑,将古典的白色展厅圈在中间,它的落成令该城破败的滨海区焕然一新。对于路易威登基金会大楼,盖里在毕尔巴鄂的那栋建筑基础上做了更为复杂的结构设计,外立面没有像前者一样采用钛板,而是选择了玻璃。Visitors encounter what looks like a Cubist sailboat, with glass sails and spinnakers rising above the tree line and billowing simultaneously fore, aft, port and starboard. The building appears to glide over a cascade of water lapping down a stepped embankment below its cantilevered prow. The two-story structure has 11 galleries, a voluminous auditorium and multilevel roof terraces for events and art installations.来这里参观的人,看到的是一个立体派的帆船式建筑,玻璃材质的蓬帆和大三角帆在树梢高度,同时朝着前后左右四个方向扬起。水在从悬臂装船首下方的阶梯状护坡滚滚而下,令整栋建筑看来似乎行于水面。这栋两层楼的建筑有11个展厅、一个大礼堂以及多层屋顶露台,方便举办各种活动和陈列艺术装置。The site is next to the Jardin d’Acclimatation, a 19th-century children’s park and zoo at the north edge of the Romantically landscaped Bois de Boulogne. The architect had to build within the square footage and two-story volume of a bowling alley that previously stood here; anything higher had to be glass. Mr. Arnault’s program for the Foundation, whose stated mission is to stimulate artistic creation, called for a museum with galleries for permanent and temporary exhibitions, and a concert hall.这栋建筑毗邻Jardin d’Acclimatation,这是一座19世纪的儿童乐园、动物园,位于有着浪漫主义景致的布洛涅林苑北侧。之前伫立于此的是一座相当于两层楼高的保龄球馆,建筑师在建筑面积和体量方面都必须受制于它,高出的部分只得采用玻璃。路易威登基金会的使命是激励艺术创作,根据阿诺特对于该基金会的想法,它还得是一个美术馆,带有多个可举办临时或者常设展览的展厅,以及一座音乐厅。Mr. Gehry said, “We talked to him about the site, and it was clear that it had to be something that fits into a garden, something in the tradition of a 19th-century glass pavilion or conservatory.”盖里说:“我们跟他谈到了地点的问题,显然它必须是一个适合放在花园里的建筑,遵循19世纪的玻璃房或者温室传统。”Unlike his compatriot I. M. Pei, who placed the glass Pyramid at the Louvre to acknowledge the long axis of the Champs #201;lysées, Mr. Gehry ignored France’s geometric traditions. “The clouds of glass respond to nature’s geometry, to the park’s English landscaping,” he said of the Bois de Boulogne. “Nature’s apparent disorder has its own order.”与另一位美国设计师贝聿铭不同——后者给卢浮宫设计的玻璃金字塔位于香榭丽舍大道的轴线上,盖里完全没有理会法国的几何传统。“大量的玻璃运用,与大自然的几何图形和公园的英式风景形成了应答关系,”他在谈到布洛涅林苑时说道。“大自然表面看起来乱,其实乱中有序。”In trying to create a spirited adult version of the Jardin d’Acclimatation’s fantasy buildings, Mr. Gehry said he was “very moved by the park, which reminded me of Proust’s Paris.” He added: “I him over and over again, and I realized it was a pretty emotional site for everybody. It brought tears to my eyes.”在打造Jardin d’Acclimatation里那些奇幻建筑令人兴奋的成人版过程中,盖里称自己“被这座公园深深打动了,让我想到了普鲁斯特的巴黎”。他又补充,“我一遍又一遍地读他的书,我发现这里对每个人来说,都是一个令人动感情的地方。它让我的眼睛充满泪水。”He had two mandates: respecting the park and garden and satisfying the requirements for the galleries.他接到了两条要求:尊重那座公园和花园,满足展览的所有需求。“Once we had the big, basic premise that there was a solid piece for the galleries, which we started to call the icebergs, and then the glass sails for the garden, we started to work them independently,” Mr. Gehry said. “Merging the two would not work, because you couldn’t have curvy galleries, and you can’t hang paintings on glass.” The diaphanous sails, supported on an acrobatic armature of wood and steel, project outside the iceberg.“一旦敲定基本的大前提——一个用作展厅的固体部分,我们称之为冰山,一个是给花园做的玻璃风帆,我们开始进行各自分开的设计工作,”盖里说。“把两个部分生生并到一起不可行,因为展厅不可能是曲线形的,而且画又不可能挂在玻璃上。”半透明的风帆伸在冰山的外侧,由一个木头和钢材材质的、杂技演员般的架来撑。The glass structure takes its place in a long Parisian tradition dating from the 13th-century Gothic Sainte-Chapelle on the #206;le de la Cité, with its tall walls of stained glass, and the 19th-century Grand Palais, an exhibition hall whose glass vaults echo the vast public spaces of Rome. The Foundation’s fragmented, multidirectional forms recall the Cubism of Braque and Picasso. The mission statement of the Foundation acknowledges 20th-century Modern art movements as a basis of the contemporary art it champions.在巴黎漫长的建筑传统中,玻璃结构占有着一席之地,其历史可以上溯到圣路易岛上有着色玻璃墙、十三世纪的圣礼拜堂(Gothic Sainte-Chapelle),以及十九世纪的巴黎大皇宫,这个大展厅的玻璃拱顶是对罗马大型公共空间的效仿。路易威登基金会大楼四分五裂的多向外形,让人联想到布拉克和毕加索的立体主义。该基金会的目标宣言指出,二十世纪的现代艺术运动是其所倡导的当代艺术的基础。Visitors enter a tall hall from which angled staircases and meandering paths lead to the galleries and to a roofscape of outdoor terraces enclosed by the glass sails. Between the iceberg and the sailboat, accordion spaces expand and contract, alternately intimate and grand, in what Mr. Gehry called “a chaotic dance.” The white galleries, some with tall ceilings that act as chimneys of light, are “a refuge,” said Edwin Chan, a former design partner in the Gehry firm, who worked with Mr. Gehry and the main project architect, Laurence Tighe. One opens to the sky.参观者进入一个高大的大厅,这里有楼梯和蜿蜒的步道通往展厅和玻璃帆背后的屋顶露台。在冰山和帆船之间,是可伸缩的空间,气氛可以亲密可以宏大,盖里称其为“一曲无序的舞蹈”。白色的展厅有些带有高大的天花板,起到采光井的作用,盖里建筑事务所的前设计伙伴埃德温·陈(Edwin Chan)称这里是“一处庇护所”,他曾与盖里和大项目建筑师劳伦斯·泰伊(Laurence Tighe)合作。有一个展厅的屋顶还是开放式的。Frédéric Migayrou, the deputy director of the Pompidou, organized the full retrospective and a smaller boutique show of Mr. Gehry’s development drawings that will be on view at the Foundation. “This building doesn’t reveal itself at once, but over many encounters,” he said. “It’s a provocation for the viewer; you have to be part of it, as with an artwork where you make your own experience.”此次的全面回顾展由蓬皮杜的副馆长弗雷德里克·米盖鲁(Frédéric Migayrou)策展,此外他还在基金会大楼组织了一个规模小一些的精品展,展出盖里先生的展开图。“它不是那种将自己豁然展现出来的建筑,它需要你一次次地与之相遇来进行品咂,”他说。“它对于观者来说是一个挑衅;你必须要融入其中,就像与一件艺术品建立你自己独有的体验。”Claude Parent, France’s 91-year-old éminence grise in architecture whose work in the 1950s and ’60s anticipated deconstructivism, said that when he first saw the Foundation building, “I was seized by an emotion so strong that it seemed to come from something other than architecture.” He called Mr. Gehry’s design “an act of unbridled imagination.”法国91岁的建筑泰斗、上世纪五六十年代就开始在设计中尝试结构主义的克劳德·帕朗泰(Claude Parent)说,当他第一次看见基金会大楼的时候,“产生了一股并非建筑所带来的强烈情绪。”他称盖里的设计为“天马行空的想像”。Others describe the building less favorably. The architecture critic of The Observer, Rowan Moore, known for his Spartan architectural attitudes, wrote dismissively, “Everything that is good about the Fondation could have been achieved, and better, without the sails.” Denis Lafay, writing in the online financial newspaper La Tribune, did not criticize the architecture but called the building the ostentatious result of an oligarch’s commodifying of artistic creation to burnish his own brand.不过,也有人不是那么喜欢这栋建筑。以斯巴达式的建筑态度(主张简单朴素——译注)著称的《卫报》建筑家罗昂·穆尔(Rohan Moore)不屑一顾地写道:“若是没有那些风帆,基金会大楼的所有优点也还是能达到,而且会更好。”网络财经报纸《La Tribune》的撰稿人但尼·拉费(Denis Lafay)没有对建筑进行直接的批评,但称该建筑为一个寡头将艺术创作商品化加以铺张的结果,目的是令自己的品牌熠熠生辉。At the Foundation, Mr. Migayrou’s immersive show, “Voyage of Creation,” explains the building, with large-screen s filmed from overhead cranes and drones that flew over and through the building.米盖鲁在基金会大楼做的沉浸式展览“创造之旅”(Voyage of Creation),用高架式起重机以及摄影飞行器从空中和内部拍摄了大屏幕视频,以此对这栋建筑进行了诠释。“I wanted to give a dynamic view of the building, and the films put the building into movement,” he said in an interview. The show includes many conceptual and development models, along with the seminal sketches Mr. Gehry drew on the long flight back to Los Angeles after he and Mr. Arnault first met to discuss the project.“我希望能从一个动态的角度来展现这栋建筑,而这些画面让它动了起来,”他在一次采访中说道。这个展览还展出了该项目的许多概念模型和开发模型,以及盖里与阿诺特讨论这个建筑项目后坐飞机回洛杉矶的长途旅行中画的原始素描。In the Pompidou retrospective, Mr. Migayrou includes little-known urban designs for housing projects and town plans, evidence of an urban-planning expertise that he said had informed the organization of all of Mr. Gehry’s architectural work. The exhibition also features a wall of previously unexhibited photographs by Mr. Gehry, who gravitated to raw moments in the cityscape, like cement plants, that his eye made beautiful.在蓬皮杜的回顾展上,米盖鲁还收录了盖里不太有名的住宅区项目及城市设计规划。他说,对于城市规划的了解,构成了盖里所有建筑设计工作的基础。该展览还展出了盖里拍摄的从未公开的照片,挂了整整一面墙。片中他捕捉到城市景观中的一些罕见瞬间,比如水泥厂,他的双眼令这些地方有了别样风情。“He was photographing the city, the spaces between places,” Mr. Migayrou said.“他用照相机记录这个座城市,记录地点与地点之间的空间,”米盖鲁说道。He also chose models and original drawings to show the evolution of Mr. Gehry’s ideas leading up to the Vuitton Foundation. Other shows, Mr. Migayrou said, “have portrayed Gehry’s buildings as an object, a shape.”为了展现盖里的路易威登基金会大楼的设计成型过程,米盖鲁还挑选了许多模型和原图。他说,其他的那些展品“则是把盖里的建筑设计当作一个物品、一个形状加以呈现”。“I tried to do the reverse,” he said, “going through all the works to define the evolution of the language, the continuities, the idea of dynamic movement, how he opens form so that they interact with the city and provoke the movement of the body around the building.”“我尝试着反过来倒推,”他说,“通过检视他所有的作品,来定义其建筑语言的进化过程、连续性以及动态运动的理念,以及他是如何让建筑形式采取开放的姿态,从而令建筑与城市展开互动,激发建筑四周物体的流动。” /201411/340812

I#39;m not a hugger. When I see a registered personal-space invader coming my way at a party, the music from #39;Jaws#39; plays in my head. And there are lots of people like me -- reasonably comfortable in social situations, no particular phobias, just a bit reserved in expressions of physical intimacy.我不是个爱拥抱的人。在派对上看到习惯侵犯私人空间的人走过来时,我脑子里就会响起《大白鲨》(Jaws)的音乐。有很多人都和我一样——在社交场合挺自在,没有特别的恐惧症,只是在身体亲密行为的表达上有点保守。For us fans of personal space, these are difficult times. America has become a hugging culture. What#39;s an Academy Award without a gauntlet of hugs from seat to stage? Any sports win will ignite an orgy of whooping, full-body man hugs. Political empathy in tragedy is measured in hugs.对我们这些喜欢保持一定距离的人来说,这种时候就比较难熬。美国已经成为了一个崇尚拥抱文化的国家。没有从座位到舞台的一连串拥抱能叫奥斯卡颁奖礼(Academy Award)吗?任何体育项目的获胜都会引起一阵狂欢式的全身拥抱。悲剧事件中政治同理心是通过拥抱来衡量的。We remain a #39;medium touch#39; culture -- more physically demonstrative than Japan, where a bow is the all-purpose hello and goodbye, but less demonstrative than Latin or Eastern European cultures, where hugs are robust and can include a kiss on both cheeks. But we do seem to be hugging more.我们还是一个“中度接触”的文化——比日本人更喜欢用身体接触表达感情,但不如拉丁或东欧文化。在日本,鞠躬是通行的问候和告别礼节,而在拉丁和东欧国家,拥抱都很有力,还包括亲吻两边的脸颊。但我们确实似乎拥抱得越来越多了。For men, this is newly slippery terrain. Handshakes are scripted and reliable -- a firm grip, a couple of brisk pumps, and done. There is evidence of hand-shaking as far back as the fifth century B.C. It may have started as a gesture of peace by proving that the hand held no weapon.对男士来说,这是个新的需要谨慎对待的礼仪。握手已经约定俗成,比较可靠——握紧、轻轻摇晃两下、结束。早在公元前五世纪就有关于握手的记载,可能最早是一种表示和平的手势,是为了明手里没有武器。With hugging now in play, men must do rapid social calculations: body language, length and nature of the relationship, setting, alcohol effect and the other#39;s intentions. Decisions must be made in split seconds.如今到了流行拥抱的时候,男士们必须进行快速的社交计算:肢体语言、与对方关系的时长和性质、环境、酒精效应还有对方的意图。决定必须在一瞬间做出。Male friends tell me that they adhere to the one-second rule (one-Mississippi and . . . break). They also favor the A-frame hug -- shoulders touching, handshake high, a couple of quick taps on the back. There is no such middle ground for women. It#39;s either shake or hug.男性朋友告诉我,他们坚持“一秒原则”(默念“密西西比”刚好一秒……然后结束)。他们还喜欢A字型拥抱——碰肩、高举双手相握、拍拍背。对女性来说没有这样的中间选择,要么握手要么拥抱。Bill Clinton has perfected the hug that is not a hug: a handshake complemented by also holding the other#39;s upper arm. Advantage -- more intense than a handshake but short of an embrace, and it can be maintained indefinitely. It can also easily progress to a full hug as the conversation dictates.比尔·克林顿(Bill Clinton)完善了一种不算拥抱的拥抱方式:握手的同时抓住对方的上臂。好处是——比单纯的握手更热情但又不算拥抱,而且姿势可以保持很长时间。随着谈话的进展还可以很容易发展成全身拥抱。When we expand our exploration to the man-woman hug, things get dicey. Especially at work.异性拥抱就比较危险了,尤其是在职场。Science says that hugs are healthy: They release endorphins, strengthen the immune system, boost self-esteem and promote bonding. But they can also put a warning in your personnel file.科学研究表明拥抱有益健康:可以释放内啡?,增强免疫系统,提升自尊,增进感情。不过同时也会让你的人事档案里出现警告。There are many valid reasons to hug in an office setting -- anything from a big team win to goodbyes after downsizing. But one senior executive I know shared some universal career advice: #39;Don#39;t yell, don#39;t cry, don#39;t hug.#39; His advice is backed by surveys that say that most people don#39;t want intimacy with other workers.在工作场合有很多拥抱的正当理由——从团队获胜到裁员告别,可拥抱的场合很多。但我认识的一位高管分享了一个通用的职场建议:“不要喊,不要哭,不要拥抱。”他的建议得到了问卷调查结果的持,调查显示大多数人不想和同事有亲密行为。As the question of whether or not to hug becomes more situational, the potential rises for awkward encounters. The biggest risk: going in for a hug only to realize too late that the other person had not planned the same. Expert consensus says that if you#39;re going for the hug and it#39;s too late to turn back, don#39;t stop. Press on, but make it quick.既然该不该拥抱的问题变得越来越取决于场合因素,那么会面时出现尴尬的可能性就变大了。最大的风险是:准备拥抱的时候却意识到对方并没有同样打算。专家一致认为,如果你准备拥抱,而且回头又太晚,那就不要停。抱上去,但动作要快。For nonhuggers, there are some defensive maneuvers. Deflect: Keep something (a desk, a table, a co-worker) between you and the serial hugger until the moment passes. Deny: #39;Sorry, I#39;m not much of a hugger.#39; Resist: Take physical control with a stiff handshake and firm elbow that keeps personal space intact. Escape: Find something that requires your immediate attention. If nothing comes to mind, drop your cellphone. Lie: #39;I really don#39;t want you to catch this cold I have.#39; Or when diversion isn#39;t feasible and escape is impossible, accept the hug with an icy response and hope that the hugger remembers.对不喜欢拥抱的人来说有一些防御动作。转移:让“连环拥抱者”和自己之间有个障碍物,比如桌子、茶几或者同事,直到那个时刻过去。拒绝:“对不起,我不大喜欢拥抱。”反抗:用身体控制,握手时故意保持僵硬,肘部僵硬一点,以防个人空间被入侵。逃避:寻找需要你们立即注意的事情。如果找不到的话就故意摔手机。撒谎:“我实在不想把感冒传染给你。”在没办法转移、又不可能逃避的时候,那就冷冰冰地接受拥抱并希望对方能记住教训。Workplace hugging is particularly problematic when your workplace happens to be a school. Teachers have been told never to hug any child for any reason -- even though a hug is precisely what a child might need.如果你是在学校上班,那么拥抱的问题就会格外棘手。学校要求老师不能以任何理由拥抱学生,即使学生需要也不行。Many schools have also added a written policy against hugging between students, with suspensions finding their way into national news. Students and some parents are irate at bans on a simple act of affection. But feel for the school administrator, responsible for determining when a simple act of affection becomes a more complex situation.很多学校还增加了禁止学生之间拥抱的书面规定,取消这种规定的呼声开始见诸于全美各处媒体。学生和部分家长不满学校禁止这种简单的表达情感的行为。但从校方管理人员的角度来看又情有可原,在简单的情感表达行为变成更复杂的问题时,需要做出决定的是他们。There is always the question: Are we overthinking this? Maybe we#39;ve complicated a simple act to the point that risk has overtaken reward, and it#39;s just not worth the effort. Some would say it#39;s a lamentable loss of human connection. As someone who believes that we call it personal space for a reason, I#39;m OK with that.总有这样一个问题:我们是不是想太多了?也许我们把一个简单的行为想得太复杂了,让风险压倒了好处,其实根本就不值得这么费尽心思去想。有人会说这是人类情感联系的可悲损失。作为一个认为私人空间很有必要的人,我表示赞同。 /201311/263465

It may never rival porcelain or Peking duck in popularity beyond China’s shores, but the “facekini” is being hailed by domestic newspapers as the country’s latest cultural gift to the world.尽管“脸基尼”(facekini)在中国海滩之外的地方,可能怎么无法与中国陶瓷或北京烤鸭相提并论,但它受到了国内报纸的称赞,被誉为中国向世界输出的最新文化礼物。The recent publication by a New York-based style magazine, CR Fashion Book, of a photo shoot showing models wearing “pool masks” has prompted the Qingdao Evening News to claim the look as a foreign variation on a familiar theme in the north eastern seaside city.最新一期纽约时尚杂志《CR Fashion Book》刊登了戴着“游泳池面罩”的模特照片之后,《青岛晚报》(Qingdao Evening News)立刻声称,该面具是外国人抄袭了中国东部沿海城市青岛的一种类似面罩。“As soon as this photo shoot was published, the sharp-eyed among our netizens immediately recognised that this was none other than a ‘knock off’ of our Qingdao old woman’s ‘facekini’,” the newspaper said.该报称,“大片一出,眼尖的网友立即认出,这不正是‘山寨’咱青岛大妈的‘脸基尼’!”The upgrading of this “matronly style” (see left) to the heights of New York fashion has stirred a whirlwind of comment on Chinese social media, with around 12m posts on Sina weibo, China’s version of twitter, so far.这款“大妈式面罩”登上纽约时尚界的巅峰,在类似Twitter的中国社交媒体新浪微(Sina weibo)引来热议,到目前相关帖子已接近1200万条。Although the facekini owes its popularity to the protection it offers from the sun in a culture that prizes white skin, its origins may be more pragmatic.尽管脸基尼由于其防晒功能而大受欢迎(中国文化崇尚白肤色),它的问世可能出于更实际的原因。Zhang Shifan, a 58 year-old Qingdao local identified by the Qingdao Television website as the facekini’s inventor, says that the headgear was first intended as protection against the nipping of sea crabs, which lurk offshore in large numbers.青岛电视台网站找到了脸基尼的发明人、58岁的当地居民张式范。张式范说,当初设计这种头罩是为了防止被海蜇蛰伤,因为海里的海蜇数量非常多。“Ms Zhang said that in 2006 she had the facekini idea, though it wasn’t called that then, going by the more general name of ‘face mask’,” the Qingdao Television website said. “It was designed as a protection against sea crabs…as an underwater hat.”该网站称,“大妈说,2006年,自己有了脸基尼这个创意,当时还不叫这个名字,笼统叫做‘面罩’。最早,它和水母衣一样,是为防海蜇设计的,灵感的来源是潜水帽。”These days the masks are a common sight on Qingdao’s popular beaches. “I went on down to the swimming area and although there were so many swimmers, i could very easily identify matrons wearing the facekini,” the Qingdao Evening News journalist wrote. “They show only their eyes, with their nose and mouth covered just like a covered superman.”最近,脸基尼成为青岛热门海滩的常见景观。《青岛晚报》记者写道,“我来到了第一海水浴场,虽然前来游泳的人密密麻麻,但在人群中找出戴着‘脸基尼’的大妈非常容易。她们只露着眼睛、鼻子和嘴巴,乍一看像一位‘蒙面超人’。”Others on Weibo thought that headgear made it look as if the beaches are being invaded by bank robbers.新浪微上也有人认为,这种头套戴上去,看起来像是海滩遭到了抢劫犯的入侵。 /201408/322179

  1. No One Is Going to Fix You没人会来拯救你If you are waiting for a knight in shining armor to gallop into your life and heal your broken heart, you will be waiting forever. The only person who can help you is yourself. Be happy for the other people in your life, but do not become dependent on them for happiness unlike you like to be on a never-ending emotional roller-coaster that is far beyond the realm of your control.如果你还在期盼白马王子帅气闯入你的生活、呵护你受伤的心灵,那你只能永远等待下去了。能够救你的人只有你自己。你可以为生活中有人陪伴而开心,但不要因此把幸福完全托付给他们;否则,你的情绪会像不停歇的过山车,永远无法自我控制。Are you alone? No, far from it. But no one is going to fix you, so it is in your best interest to take personal responsibility for your own life. When you do that, you’ll discover you are more powerful than you ever thought possible.还是一个人?哈,更残酷的是,不会有谁来拯救你。所以,你最好还是为自己负起责任吧。只有这样,你才会发现自己变得愈加坚强。 /201309/255820

  As a water planner in Utah, Pat Crowley had grown frustrated that his message of conservation was being largely ignored by an agriculture industry intent on siphoning off the Colorado River to keep crops in California and other Western states succulent.帕特·克劳利原本是美国犹他州的一名水资源规划师,他一直热衷于传播水资源保护理念。但农业界一心只想着如何从科罗拉多河抽取河水来滋养加利福尼亚州和西部其他州的农作物,对于他的理论基本上置若罔闻,这让克劳利非常沮丧。Then a few years ago, the 34-year-old whitewater rafting enthusiast was listening to a TED talk on edible insects, which touted the critters as a surprising potent source of protein. The more he heard about the potential water savings from swapping insects for traditional protein like soy and grains, the more he realized it might be time to change professions.几年前,这位34岁的漂流爱好者有机会聆听了一场TED演讲,主题是可食用昆虫。演讲者把这些小动物誉为惊人的蛋白质来源。而且,放弃诸如大豆和谷物这类传统的蛋白质来源,转而利用小昆虫,显然具有节约用水的巨大潜力。他越听越觉得,可能是时候改变职业了。After toying with farming insects in 2011 for animal feed, Crowley, his wife Erica Koltenuk, co-founder Dan O’Neill and several friends set up shop in a local restaurant in Salt Lake City and began experimenting with making flour from crickets. Yes, crickets– through a process whereby the bugs are roasted, ground into a powder, and added to a mixture that also includes organic dates, nuts and spices.2011年,在抱着玩玩的心态饲养了一些用于动物饲料的昆虫之后,克劳利和妻子埃里卡o科尔特努克、联合创始人丹o奥尼尔以及几个朋友在盐湖城开设了一家餐厅,开始尝试着以蟋蟀为原料制作面粉。是的,以蟋蟀为原料。具体流程是,先焙烧这些小虫子,研磨成粉,然后将它们添加到一种还包括有机枣,坚果和香料的混合物之中。A year later, they unveiled Chapul cricket bars, the first-ever energy bar made from cricket flour. The bars, each containing the equivalent of 25 crickets and claiming to contain twice the protein of their competitors, are now in over 200 health food, bike and extreme sports stores nationwide—the latest being Colorado-based Natural Grocers, a chain of 100 stores in the Midwest and West.一年后,他们推出第一款使用蟋蟀粉制作的能量棒——Chapul蟋蟀棒。每个能量棒包含大约25只蟋蟀,其蛋白质含量据说是竞争对手的两倍。现在,这款能量棒已经进入200多家位于全美各地的保健食品、单车和极限运动商店。最新一家合作伙伴是总部位于科罗拉多州,在中西部和西部地区拥有100家门店的Natural Grocers连锁零售公司。“I decided to create a consumer product that would make it a very easy first step for people to try insects in a way that wasn’t a novelty but incorporate it into a staple food – make it more of a nutritional product,” says Crowley, who has long blond hair and bears a passing resemblance to the late Kurt Cobain. “This was definitely a mission-driven endeavor. It turns out the market has been responsive to it.”克劳利说,“我决定创建一种消费产品,让人们很容易迈出品尝昆虫的第一步,因为这种食品把昆虫融入一种主食,这样它就更像是一种营养产品,这种吃法不算特别新奇。”留着一头金色长发的克劳利看上去颇像已故歌星科特o柯本。“这是一次完全受使命感推动的尝试。事实明,市场对我们的努力做出了响应。”The bar got a huge boost when Crowley, dressed in a Chapul T-shirt and carrying a container of crickets, was selected to appear in March on the entrepreneur show Shark Tank, the hit business competition show on A in which entrepreneurs pitch their ideas to a panel of judges. After initial reactions of “you gotta be kidding” and “there is no way I’m eating that,” the panel warmed to the product—and panelist and Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban agreed to invest ,000 for a 15 percent stake in the business (“Let’s eat some crickets,” he told Crowley).3月份,当克劳利身穿Chapul T恤,携带一个装满蟋蟀的容器出现在A电视台收视率极高的创业节目《鲨鱼坦克》(SharkTank) 时,这种能量棒的知名度瞬间暴涨。参与这档商业竞争节目的创业者往往需要使出浑身解数,向一组评委推销他们的创业点子。乍一听克劳利介绍完,评委们纷纷表示,“你肯定是在开玩笑,”“我绝对不会吃这玩意,”但他们随后对这款产品产生了浓厚兴趣。担任评委的达拉斯小牛队 (Dallas Mavericks)老板马克o库班当场拍板,承诺将投资5万美元购买这家公司15%的股权(“让我们吃一些蟋蟀吧,”他告诉克劳利)。“It’s a solution to a problem,” Cuban said via Twitter. “We need better sources of protein and over time I think consumer habits will change.”“这是一个解决问题的方法,”库班通过Twitter表示。“我们需要更好的蛋白质来源,假以时日,我认为消费习惯会发生变化。”In fact, Chapul is just one of a dozen or more new companies attempting to change the way Americans look at bugs. Brooklyn-based Exo is making protein bars, Boston-based-Six Foods is planning to sell tortilla chips made from cricket flour, and All Things Bugs, a Gainesville, FL-based firm founded by an entomologist, is looking to sell its own cricket flour to this burgeoning market. EnviroFlight in Ohio and AgriProtein in South Africa, meanwhile, are among at least four companies globally producing insects for the pet food, aquaculture or animal feed markets.事实上,除了Chapul之外,还有十几家新公司正在尝试着改变人们看待小昆虫的方式。布鲁克林的EXO公司正在制作蛋白质能量棒。波士顿Six Foods公司打算销售用蟋蟀粉制作的墨西哥炸玉米片。总部位于佛罗里达州盖恩斯维尔,由一位昆虫学家创建的All Things Bugs公司也计划向这个新兴市场销售自己的蟋蟀粉。与此同时,至少有四家公司正在全球各地针对宠物食品,水产养殖或动物饲料市场生产昆虫,比如俄亥俄州的EnviroFlight公司和南非的AgriProtein公司。The big opportunity they see: the consumption of insects as protein is much less taxing on the environment—growing, harvesting and processing them takes far less resources than chickens, cows and pigs, one percent of the greenhouse gasses of cattle and 100 times less water—so they tap into the current sustainability craze. They’re rich in protein and other key nutrients like omega-3 acids. And the products can be made at a low cost—until now, with very little competition.他们看到了一个大机遇:消费昆虫蛋白质对环境的损害要远低于传统蛋白质来源——与鸡、牛和猪相比,饲养、收获和加工昆虫耗费的资源要少得多。因此,这类食品特别容易拨动热衷于可持续发展理念的当代人的心弦。昆虫含有丰富的蛋白质和诸如ω-3脂肪酸这类关键的营养素。这类产品的制作成本相对较低,而且直到目前,竞争对手寥寥无几。But convincing Americans to eat anything containing creepy crawlers is not an easy sell. Unlike the developing world, where the U.N.’s Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that two billion people depend daily on as many as 1,900 insect species for food, Americans and much of the West have long considered spiders, grasshoppers, crickets, flies and bees to be a nuisance that must be swatted away or stamped out.但要说美国人吃任何一种以令人毛骨悚然的爬虫为原料的食物,可不是一件容易做到的事情。不同于很多发展中国家——联合国粮农组织(Food and Agriculture Organization)估计,有20亿发展中国家人口每天依靠多达1,900种昆虫为食——美国人和其他西方国家一向认为蜘蛛、蝗虫、蟋蟀、苍蝇和蜜蜂皆是令人不胜其扰的小动物,必须赶紧驱离,或者干脆当场歼灭。But Crowley and other edible insect aficionados are counting on younger, environmentally-conscious Millennials to move the sector beyond gag gifts like lollipops with scorpions or one-off bug buffets to become a staple in health food stores, snack stands and the larger food chain. The key, they say, is playing up the health benefits of eating products with insects while emphasizing bugs’ small environmental footprint.但克劳利和其他可食用昆虫爱好者正在把推动这个行业的希望寄托在更年轻,更具环保意识的千禧一代身上,希望他们不只是把昆虫食品当作类似蝎子棒棒糖这种恶作剧礼物,或者一次性自助餐,还会推动这类食品成为健康食品商店、小吃店和大食品连锁店销售的一种主食。他们声称,关键是要大力宣扬吃昆虫产品对健康的好处,同时要强调昆虫食品的环境足迹要远小于传统蛋白质来源这一事实。“We are trying to set up future generations with a more sustainable food system, one that is more resource efficient and one that is more adaptable to a more changing climate,” Crowley says.“我们正在努力为子孙后代建立一个更具可持续性,更节约资源,更适应气候变化的食物系统,”克劳利说。Rose Wang, co-founder of Six Foods, which in May raised ,000 on Kickstarter to make its Chirps cricket chips and hopes to have the product in stores by fall, agrees. “It’s all about the vision of what eating insects can be,” Wang said in an e-mail interview, pointing out that the bugs are high in protein, low in fat, and can be raised humanely in small spaces, without antibiotics or growth hormones. “There is no question that insects are the most humane way to eat meat,” she says, “And as people become more cognizant of where their food comes from and how it is produced, they are becoming more open to new sustainable foods like insects.”露丝o王认同这种看法。五月份,这位Six Foods公司联合创始人在众筹平台Kickstarter上筹集了7万美元,开始制作Chirps蟋蟀条,她希望这款产品能够在今年秋天进入食品店。在接受电邮采访时,王女士表示,“这就是吃昆虫能够带给我们的美好愿景。”她指出,昆虫不仅具有高蛋白,低脂肪等特质,而且可以在小空间内人性化饲养,无需使用抗生素或生长激素。“毫无疑问,昆虫是最人性化的吃肉方式,”她说。“随着人们对于食物的来源和生产方式有了更深入的了解,他们越来越愿意接受像昆虫这种全新的可持续性食物。”Glen Courtright, CEO and founder of EnviroFlight, is going even further with the environmental approach. His company takes some of the estimated 36 million tons of food waste that ends up in landfills each year and feeds it to the larvae of black soldier flies. A protein meal and oil derived from the dehydrated fly larvae are then packaged and shipped to the pet trade–as well as fish and pig farmers who are clamoring for a protein substitute for fishmeal, which comes from aly overfished oceans.在环保之路上,EnviroFlight公司创始人兼CEO格伦o考特赖特走得更远。他的公司每年利用估计3,600 万吨运送至垃圾填满场的食品垃圾,来喂养被他称为黑士兵的苍蝇幼虫。然后,衍生自脱水蝇蛆的蛋白粉和油被打包运送到宠物市场,以及养鱼户和养猪户。这些农民一直吵着要求获得一种能够替代鱼粉的蛋白物质——海洋已经被过度捕捞,难以为继。EnviroFlight is also partnering with the feed industry around the world to provide its technology and know-how on raising insects for animal feed. Courtright expects to see growth of 50 percent this year, adding that he is struggling to keep up with demand.此外,EnviroFlight正在与世界各地的饲料行业合作,为后者提供养育昆虫饲料的技术和专业知识持。考特赖特预计今年的业务量将增长50%,他正在努力跟上不断增长的需求。“Big business understands there has to be a fish meal replacement, a sustainable fish meal replacement,” said Courtright, who initially explored producing oil from insects, bacteria and then algae for biofuels before shifting to the feed sector. “They are seeing the viability of the product and they are understanding insect technologies are real and they are coming.”考特赖特声称,“大企业明白,必须找到一种传统鱼粉的替代物,一种具有可持续性的替代物。”在转向饲料行业之前,他起初尝试着从昆虫、细菌和藻类中提炼生物燃料。“他们将发现这种产品是可行的,意识到昆虫技术不是骗局,就会找上门来。”But will insects catch on as pizza did after World War II or sushi did in the 1970s?但这些小动物能否像比萨饼在二战后,或寿司在20世纪70年代那样风行一时?Some experts think the deluge of new insect-related companies could be a turning point in entomophagists’ (that’s those who advocate for insects as food) decades-long battle to get the six and eight-legged critters onto the plates of consumers.数十年来,食虫学家(即那些主张食用昆虫的人士)一直在竭力推动六条腿和八条腿的小动物进入消费者的餐盘。有专家认为,与昆虫相关的新企业不断涌现,或将成为这种努力的转折点。“This is more than a blip. This is the beginning of a curve that will go steadily up,” said Montana State University Associate Prof. Florence V. Dunkel, a leading edible insect expert who organizes an annual bug buffet on campus each year featuring delicacies like wax moth larvae quesadillas, curried mealworms and Chinese stir fry made with crickets.“这种现象不是昙花一现,而会成为一条将稳步上升的曲线的开端,”蒙大拿州立大学(Montana State University )副教授弗洛伦斯o邓克尔说。这位著名的食用昆虫专家每年都在校园组织一场昆虫自助餐,其中的特色佳肴包括蜡蛾幼虫油炸玉米饼、用咖哩粉烹调的黄粉虫和爆炒蟋蟀。“There was the environment,” she says, ticking off forces that are driving interest in the new food group. “There was the need to have more nutrients. And then there was the openness of the Millennial generation to search out better ways to live,” she added. “It’s a no-brainer to begin to incorporate insects into our diet as a protein source.”她列举驱动人们对这种全新食物类别产生兴趣的力量,“当时的环境,对更多营养物质的需要,还有就是千禧一代在搜寻更好生活方式时抱有的开放心态,”她补充说。“在这些因素的推动下,人们开始不假思索地把昆虫作为一种蛋白质来源融入我们的饮食。”But while Dunkel predicts that shoppers in the next few years could find bags of frozen moth larvae next to the frozen shrimp, others, including the FAO, are more cautious. They say consumer products will remain a “niche market” for at least another generation, mostly attracting thrill-seeking Westerners as well as immigrant communities in the West pining for traditional insect favorites like grasshoppers from Mexico or Mopane worms from southern Africa.不过,虽然邓克尔预测称,在未来几年,冷冻蛾幼虫将与冷冻虾一道出现在消费者的购物袋之中,但其他人,包括联合国粮农组织,都比较谨慎。他们表示,至少对下一代人来说,昆虫消费类产品将依然是一个“缝隙市场”,其主要受众是寻求刺激的西方人,以及西方国家中渴望享受墨西哥蚱蜢或南部非洲可乐豆木蠕虫等传统昆虫美食的移民社区。The FAO’s Paul Vantomme, who coordinates the agency’s insect program, says he thinks the greatest potential is in the animal feed sector, noting that insects could represent up to 10 percent of the 150 million tons of protein sold each year in two decades. The insects would replace fishmeal and supplement soybean meal, Vantomme said.负责协调粮农组织昆虫项目的联合国官员保罗o旺托姆表示,他认为最大的潜力将是动物饲料领域。他指出,在未来20年每年售出的大约1,500万吨蛋白质中,昆虫的占比有望达到10%。在他看来,昆虫将取代鱼粉,还将成为大豆粉的补充。“China imports 30 million tons of soybean meal in order to supply its chicken and pig farms,” Vantomme says. “The average Chinese eats meat once a week, and that is expected to double in the next five years. That means they will be importing 60 million tons. Even China is looking for alternatives for these imports. For them, it’s a big problem.”“为了满足养鸡场和养猪场的需要,中国每年进口大约3,000万吨大豆粉,”旺托姆说。“中国老百姓通常一周吃一次肉,他们的肉食需求预计将在未来5年翻一番。这意味着,他们将进口6,000万吨。就连中国也开始为这些进口饲料寻找替代品。对他们来说,这是一个大问题。”EnviroFlight’sCourtright also says he expects the animal feed sector to offer the most potential for investors. “For animal feed, definitely. For human feed, I don’t think the West is y,” Courtright says. “We’re not that hungry yet. We are not starving and insects are not part of our culture.”此外,EnviroFlight公司的考特赖特表示,他预计饲料行业将成为最有潜力吸引投资的领域。“对于饲料产业来说,肯定如此。但我不认为西方公众已经做好了食用昆虫的准备,”考特赖特说。“我们还没有饿到那份上。我们目前还没有体会到挨饿的滋味,也不具备吃昆虫的文化传统。”Some of that trepidation was on display the other day at Fortune when several reporters said they were scared to even try samples of the Chapur coconut, ginger and lime or the peanut butter and chocolate bar. Much of the apprehension came from expecting to bite into a cricket, as famously seen on the TV show Fear Factor, although the bars have no visible cricket parts and lack the woodsy flavor of chirping insects. The taste and consistency are closer to a chocolate or tropical power bar.前几天,就在《财富》(Fortune) 杂志社,当几位记者绘声绘色地描述他们颤颤巍巍地品尝Chapul椰子、姜汁、酸橙或花生酱和巧克力棒样品的经历时,有好几位编辑都露出了惊恐万分的表情。其中很大一部分忧虑恐怕跟有可能咬到一只蟋蟀有关——就像他们在电视节目《谁敢来挑战》(Fear Factor)中看到的那个著名场景——尽管这些能量棒看不到明显的蟋蟀痕迹,也缺乏这种吱吱叫的昆虫身上特有的那股木香味。这些食物的口味和一致性更接近于巧克力或热带棒状食品。A few blocks away, the bars were on sale at midtown Manhattan’s Westerly Natural Market natural foods store. Positioned alongside a protein bar featuring Chia seeds and another one claiming to save lives with each sale, staffers said the Chapul cricket bars were selling mostly to “hard-core” customers trying to tap into the latest health food trends. Sales have been slow due to limited marketing and the foreign concept of edible insects, they said.几个街区之外,在曼哈顿中城的西风自然市场 (Westerly Natural Market),有不少天然食品商店正在销售这些棒状食品。其中有一款蛋白质棒包含野鼠尾草籽,和另一种据称每销售一笔就能拯救许多生命的草籽。站在一旁的销售人员表示,Chapul蟋蟀棒主要卖给了那些尝试着迎合最新保健食品趋势的“死忠”顾客。由于市场营销活动有限,再加上公众对食用昆虫的概念还非常陌生,这些产品的销售一直非常迟缓,他们说。For his part, Chapul’s Crowley has grown accustomed to the naysayers and acknowledges he still has work to do to help consumers overcome their fears of eating products like his with insects. But he believes his company has plenty of room to grow, predicting that it could see million in revenue in 2015 and more than million in five years.不过,对于各种反调,克劳利早已习以为常,并且承认在帮助消费者克对昆虫食品的恐惧方面,他依然需要做大量工作。但克劳利相信他的公司有足够大的成长空间,他预计公司营收将在2015年达到100万美元,并且将在五年内突破1,000 万美元大关。“I have no doubt that the industry will continue to grow,” Crowley says, noting that he expects Chapul to be in 10,000 stores in five years. “We need to diversify our food system,” he says. “We are not trying to eliminate food sources. We are just trying to add insects to the of the American diet.”克劳利说,“这个行业将继续增长,我对此坚信不疑。”他预计Chapul将在五年内进入1万家商店。“我们需要丰富我们的食品系统,”他说。“我们不是在尝试着消除食物来源。我们仅仅是想把昆虫添加到人们的饮食菜单之中。” /201407/315747。

  Welcome to Monday morning at the office. Did you have trouble sleeping last night? Was your stomach bothering you? Did you feel a sense of d about heading into work? 欢迎回到周一的办公室。你昨晚睡得好吗?肚子有没有不舒?一想到要上班,心里有没有七上八下的? Could be that you have a case of the Sunday blues - and you#39;re not the only one. A recent survey by jobs website Monster.com found that 8 out of 10 people report melancholy and anxious feelings as the weekend winds down. Nearly half of the 3,600 respondents went so far as to say they have it #39;really bad.#39; 这可能是你患上了星期天忧郁症──而且你并不是唯一一个。招聘网站Monster.com最近的调查显示,八成的人都说自己在周末逐渐过去的时候会觉得愁闷忧虑。3,600名受访者中,将近一半的人都说他们觉得“很难受”。 #39;Really bad#39; is hardly a clinical diagnosis, but Sunday blues are real, says Jeffrey Kahn, a clinical associate professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College who specializes in workplace issues. He#39;s noticed that some workers tend to sleep poorly on Sunday night, feeling wired as they rev up for the week or rehearsing the next day#39;s agenda in their heads. 威尔康奈尔医学院(Weill Cornell Medical College)擅长职场问题的精神病学临床副教授卡恩(Jeffrey Kahn)说,“很难受”几乎算不上是医学诊断,但星期天忧郁症却是实实在在的。他注意到,一些职场人士往往在周日晚上睡得不好,亢奋地思虑一周的事情或是在脑子里演练第二天的日程。 #39;It#39;s part real - they#39;re going back to the office - and part symbolic,#39; he says. The dawn of a fresh week reminds people of the bigger issues lurking under the surface amid weekend brunches, sporting events and parties. 他说,这有一部分是真实的──他们即将回到工作中──还有一部分是象征性的。全新一周的开始让人们想起周末的早午餐、体育活动和聚会这些活动的表面之下潜藏的更大问题。 Employees worry about a harsh boss or a big project coming due. But some of the worst anxiety is actually sparked by #39;things that might go well,#39; Kahn says. Workers on the brink of a promotion might fear the extra work that will come along with it or that their colleagues will become envious. Or employees about to wrap a big project might worry they won#39;t be able to repeat the feat. 员工们忧心忡忡的是苛刻的老板或是即将到期限的大项目。卡恩说,但一些最严重的忧虑实际上是由可能顺利的事情引起的。即将得到提拔的员工可能担心随之而来的额外工作,或是同事会嫉妒自己。就快完成一个大项目的员工也可能担心,他们可能无法重现这样的功绩。Sunday evening anxiety isn#39;t all bad, Kahn notes-some people channel their anxious feelings into intense effort, working harder to banish their nerves. 卡恩强调说,周日晚间的忧虑也不全是坏事──有的人将焦虑情绪化为紧张的工作,工作更为努力以放松神经。 Joanie Ruge, a staffing industry veteran who#39;s now a senior vice president at Monster, recommends workers take extra time on Friday to prep for Monday morning and fully disconnect during the weekends so they feel fully refreshed once the week begins. She also suggests workers set early bedtimes on Sunday nights and wake extra-early on Monday so they#39;re not stressed or harried as they make their way to work. 从事人事工作多年的鲁格(Joanie Ruge)现在已是Monster的高级副总裁,她建议职场人士周五额外花些时间为周一早上做准备,并在周末期间完全忘掉工作的事情,这样就能在一周开始时觉得完全振作。她还建议职员周日晚上早些就寝、周一早上起得更早一些,这样上班时就不会觉得紧张或匆忙。 Kahn says meditation, exercise or social events like dinner with family can help to ease Sunday stress. Activities that provide comfort or distraction can be helpful - think, a favorite television show or a warm drink. 卡恩说,冥想、锻炼或与家人一同吃饭之类的社交活动能帮助缓解周日的紧张。能够给人安慰或让人分心的活动也有帮助──比如说钟爱的电视节目或一杯热饮。 #39;For some people, a cup of hot chocolate works wonders,#39; he says. 他说,对一些人来说,一杯热巧克力有着神奇的效用。 /201311/263585

  Attractive people are less likely to get tinnitus — and asthma, diabetes, and high blood pressure, according to new research.根据最新研究,相貌好看的人不太容易患上耳鸣、哮喘、糖尿病以及高血压。The more physically attractive men and women are rated, the more unlikely they are to suffer from a wide range of health problems, from high cholesterol to depression.外貌出众的人在高胆固醇、抑郁症等各种健康问题方面,患病几率都比较低。They also feel healthier, have less time off work and are diagnosed with fewer physical and mental health conditions during their lifetime.而且他们一辈子都能过得更健康,不太会请病假,并且身心健康方面也很少出状况。These extraordinary findings by U.S. researchers are based on a study of 15,000 men and women aged 24 to 35 who have been followed since they were ten.这一意外发现是由美国研究人员得出的。他们对15000位24-35岁的男女志愿者进行了从十岁时就展开的跟踪调查。It’s the biggest study yet to find links between attractiveness and good health, and the first to home in on a number of individual diseases.这是目前在发掘外貌与健康关系方面规模最大的一项调查,并且也是首个针对某些个别疾病的调查。The researchers, from the University of Cincinnati and other centres, point out that, until now, most studies have been on students.来自辛辛那提大学及其他中心的研究人员指出,到目前为止,大部分调查对象都还是学生。Their new research is based on interviews with a nationally representative sample of the U.S. population.他们的最新研究是基于对全美代表性个例的采访进行的。And, unlike earlier studies, this is based on the researchers’ ratings of the participants’ physical attractiveness done face-to-face, rather than assessments based on pictures, drawings or s.并且,不同于以往的是,这次调查中,研究人员对志愿者外貌的评价是面对面得出的,而不是通过照片、画像或视频。The researchers, whose work is being published in the journal Evolution And Human Behaviour, say that attractiveness may be a marker of good genes, which also signal good health, as well as increasing the likelihood of having healthy offspring.这项调查的结果已经发表在了《进化与人类行为》杂志上。相关研究人员表示,好相貌可能也是好基因的标志,这也意味着身体健康,以后生育的子女也会健康。The study involved face-to-face interviews and questionnaires, as well as an analysis of health data.调查形式有面对面采访和调查问卷,并且还对健康数据进行了分析。The men and women were quizzed about whether they had been diagnosed with various conditions or suffered symptoms of them.男女志愿者被问到身体是否出现过各种健康状况,或者显现过某些病症。Attractiveness rating was based on the assessment made by each interviewer after a 90-minute session.相貌评分则是由采访者在90分钟面谈后得出的。The men and women were put into five categories — very unattractive, unattractive, about average, attractive or very attractive.这些男女志愿者被分成了五类——非常丑、丑、一般、好看、非常好看。There were direct links between attractiveness and a number of health conditions, and the more attractive the person was rated, the lower the risk of ill-health.相貌和健康状况之间确实存在直接联系,越是长得好看的人,患病几率就越低。For each increase in the rating of physical attractiveness for men, there was a 13 per cent reduction in the likelihood of a diagnosis for high cholesterol, a 20 per cent drop in the risk of high blood pressure, a 15 per cent reduction in the probability of being diagnosed with depression, a 23 per cent decrease in the likelihood of an ADHD diagnosis, and a 21#8201;per cent lower likelihood of stuttering.男性的相貌评分每高一个等级,那么患高胆固醇的几率就会降低13%,患高血压的几率会降低20%,患抑郁症的概率可下降15%,患多动症的几率可下降23%,患上口吃的概率也要低21%。Women who were rated as more attractive were 21 per cent less likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure, 22 per cent less likely to have diabetes, 12 per cent less likely to be asthmatic, 17 per cent less likely to suffer from depression, 18 per cent less likely to receive an ADHD diagnosis, 18 per cent less likely to stutter and 13 per cent less likely to have tinnitus.至于相貌好看的女性,患高血压的几率会降低21%,患糖尿病的几率则降低22%, 患哮喘的几率降低12%,患抑郁症的几率降低17%,患多动症的概率可减少18%,患口吃的概率也可减少18%,而且患耳鸣的几率能降低13%。Both the men and women who were rated as very physically attractive were also more positive about their own health and had fewer days off work due to illness.在相貌上都非常出众的男女志愿者对自身健康也更乐观,并且很少因病请假。They also had a reduced number of chronic disease diagnoses, of psychological disorders and of disease diagnoses overall.这类人患慢性病、出现心理失衡或其他各类疾病的概率也较低。The researchers suggest their findings support the theory that attractiveness is a marker of healthy genes.研究人员认为,这一发现可以印“好相貌是健康基因的标志”的理论。Meanwhile, previous research from Newcastle University in 2012 suggests that children rated as physically unattractive had poorer health by the age of 50.与此同时,先前纽卡斯尔大学在2012年的一项研究也发现,相貌较差的儿童到50岁时会遇到更多健康问题。Having a partner is known to have a beneficial impact on health, especially for men. According to the research, unattractive men were 7 per cent — and unattractive women 9 per cent — less likely to have a partner than attractive individuals.众所周知,尤其对男性而言,拥有伴侣能给身体健康带来益处。而这项研究发现,较之于长得好看的人而言,长得不好看的人更难找到伴侣——丑男人找伴侣要更困难7%,丑女人则是9%。Unattractive men also tend to have fewer children, and unattractive men and women are 4 per cent more likely to have no one with whom to discuss their problems.而且丑男人的子女也会更少。长得不好看的男女更难找到可以倾谈的人,并且这一比例要高出4%。Economist Dr Nils Braakmann, who led the study, said: ‘Ratings of physical attractiveness at age 11 influence health at age 50, even when considering a large variety of childhood conditions, with unattractive people generally faring worse.经济学家尼尔斯#8226;巴拉克曼是这项调查的负责人。他说:“11岁时的相貌评分能影响50岁时的健康状况。哪怕综合考虑各种童年情况,那些长得丑的人基本上也还是不受待见。”‘These results imply that individuals who are unattractive at an early age experience large welfare losses due to the way they’re treated by others.’“这些结论说明,由于不受待见,长得不好看的人从小就享受不到很多好处。”The fact that we rate certain features as more attractive may be driven by evolution — increasing the likelihood of having offspring.事实上,人们对好看外貌特征的评价可能也受到了人类进化的影响——这也增加了育后代的几率。For instance, long legs in women could be a visual clue of fitness for childbirth, with research at Gdansk University in Poland suggesting that taller women have wider pelvises, allowing easier births and larger birth-weight babies.举例而言,腿长的女性可能被认为适合生小孩。波兰格但斯克大学的研究表明,高个女性的骨盆更宽,那么也就更容易生育——尤其是个头大的婴儿。But Dr Viren Swami, er in psychology at the University of Westminster, suggests there may be other, non-evolutionary explanations for links between health and beauty.但是,威斯敏斯特大学心理学士威伦#8226;斯瓦密认为,健康与美貌之间的关系也可以通过“非进化论”的角度进行阐释。‘People think that “what is beautiful is good”, and we call this a halo effect,’ he says.“人们认为‘漂亮的就是美好的’,这就是光圈效应。”他说。‘Attractive people are perceived as having all kinds of wonderful, positive qualities, and seen as being happier, more popular, more successful, and so on.“长得好看的人会被认为具备各种美好积极的品质,比如更快乐、更受欢迎、更成功等等。”‘We also treat them more positively than less attractive people.“于是,人们对长相好看的人也会更加热情友善。”#39;We give them more social space [e.g., more time and understanding to achieve a task] and we are more likely to help them.“人们给长相好看的人更多社会空间,比如在完成任务时给他们更多时间和理解;人们也更愿意帮助长得好看的人。”#39;This being the case, it’s quite possible that the health benefits of being attractive are the result of this better treatment.“有鉴于此,那么,好相貌和好健康也可能是因为受到好待遇而产生的结果。”‘For example, attractive people are more likely to be hired, less likely to be fired, and receive a higher starting wage, so it’s possible that any health benefit is the result of their better occupational outcomes.“比如说,长得好看的人更容易找到工作、不太会被炒鱿鱼、起薪可能相对较高。所以,他们的良好健康也可能是职业发展顺利的结果。”‘Or, conversely, less attractive people may be less likely to use health-care services because they are concerned about being judged or stigmatised, as in the case of overweight or obese individuals, which obviously has a detrimental effect on their health.“反之,相貌不出众的人或许就不太去寻求保健务,因为他们担心自己被人指指点点,对超重或肥胖的人而言尤其如此;而且,这显然会对他们的健康造成重大影响。”‘So, the health benefit may be an indirect outcome of better treatment in societies that value attractiveness.“所以,好健康也可能是这个尊崇美貌的社会在优待相貌好看的人时所造成的间接结果。”#39;I’m not suggesting the evolutionary perspective is incorrect, only that it’s not the full explanation.’“这不是说进化论角度的阐释不正确,只是这个解释还有待完善吧。” /201409/325565

  

  

  

  

  Eight out of ten women #39;edit#39; their holiday snaps before uploading them to social media so only their slimmest angles are shared, according to new research.据英国《每日邮报》报道,最新调查显示,八成女性往社交网站上传照片之前,都会修图,好让朋友们看到自己苗条漂亮的一面。Most women will also delete unflattering pictures of themselves even if other people in the frame look good.多数女性还会删除自己拍得不好看的照片,即使这些照片中其他人拍得不错。More than half of women (58 per cent) will remove pictures taken by their husbands or boyfriends to make sure only the most flattering pictures survive.为确保只留下照得最好看的照片,超过半数女性(58%)都会删除丈夫或男朋友为其拍摄的照片。And women take charge of distributing holiday pictures in 74 per cent of couples.74%的情侣中,女方占据发布假日照片的主力。The unflattering picture black-out was revealed in a new survey of 1, 000 women by the diet firm Forza Supplements.近日,饮食公司能量供应商( Forza Supplements)一项新调查曝光这类不好看的照片。The poll highlighted the five pictures women most hate of themselves on holiday.该调查列出五种女性最不喜爱的度假照。Number one were those showing them sitting down with a bare midriff showing rolls of fat around the tummy.排名第一的是女性身穿露脐装坐着的照片,肚子上的赘肉显露无疑。The second worst picture nightmare is being caught with tight jeans and a muffin top bulging out of the sides.被抓拍到身穿紧身牛仔、肚腩肉呼之欲出对女性而言是第二大恶梦。The third picture #39;no no#39; is being shot with a double chin and fourth on the blacklist were obvious drunken shots.第三种不尽人意的照片是拍到双下巴;而女性喝得醉醺醺的照片被列入了黑名单第四位。The final picture nightmare is those taken straight after swimming where the hair is wet and unkempt.最后一种不得女性欢心的照片,是游泳过后头发湿漉漉、乱糟糟的邋遢样。The Forza survey found that 95 per cent of holiday-makers now share their pictures via social media sites like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter or simply by emailing them on PCs and phones.该调查还发现,目前,95%度假者通过脸书、Instagram(增译:一款运行在iPhone平台上的照片分享应用程序)和推特等社交网站分享她们的照片,或利用个人电脑或手机发送邮件。A staggering 76 per cent of women have been #39;embarrassed#39; after a friend or relative have shared a picture of them which they didn#39;t like.难以置信的是,76%女性表示,曾因亲戚朋友分享她们不喜欢的照片而感到尴尬。A further 57 per cent have asked friends or relatives to delete pictures from sites like Facebook because they were unflattering.更甚一步,57%女性曾要求亲戚朋友删除脸书等网站照片,只因她们拍得不好看。The most popular reason for picture deletions was, #39;because I looked fat.#39;删除照片最常见理由是:“因为我看起来很胖。”The overwhelming majority of women (82 per cent) admitted that they edited holiday pictures - removing pictures of themselves which were unflattering even if the other people in the frame looked good.绝大多数女性(82%)承认其度假照经过筛选——删除自己拍得不好看的照片,即使这些照片其他人拍得不错。More than third of women (34) use filters on sites such as Instagram to make themselves look better in pictures before sharing them with friends.超三分之一女性(34%)在向好友分享照片前,都会事先使用如Instagram等网上滤镜美化照片。A quarter of women said they had been inspired to edit their holiday pictures because they were #39;intimidated#39; by beach pictures of celebrities looking great in their bikini such as Elle Macpherson and Gwyneth Paltrow.四分之一女性表示,她们曾对诸如艾拉-麦克弗森(Elle Macpherson)和格温妮丝-帕特罗(Gwyneth Paltrow)等名人惊艳无比的比基尼沙滩照感到自愧不如,如今,修图软件却鼓舞了她们。Forza Supplements#39; sales shoot up by a third between May and August as women go on diets to prepare for the beach.由于多数女性为沙滩美照而节食塑身,能量供应商公司今年5至7月份的营业额增长了三分之一。Lee Smith, managing director of Forza Supplements, said: ‘It is very clear that women rule the roost when it comes to holiday pictures.能量供应商总经理里·史密斯(Lee Smith)表示,“很明显,一提到度假照,女性们都当仁不让。‘Whether they take the pictures or not, they decide which shots get shared with family or friends and they will delete any in which they looking overweight.不管是不是她们拿相机,她们都可以决定分享哪张照片给家人朋友,同时可以删除任何自己看起来显胖的照片。‘They are not slow in gently asking friends to remove pictures which they don#39;t like.’并且,在要求朋友删除这类照片时,她们语气从不温和平缓。” /201408/317557

  1. Blueberries1.蓝莓Although tiny, blueberries pack a huge anti-aging health punch. Rich in polyphenols, research suggests that a blueberry-rich diet not only improves your motor skills, but also can help fight diseases such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes.尽管果实小,蓝莓却有强大的抗衰老功能。研究表明,蓝莓富含多酚,食用蓝莓不仅能发展运动技能,还有助于对抗癌症、心脏病和糖尿病。Indeed one recent study published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association showed that women who ate the most blueberries -- as well as their superfood cousin, strawberries -- enjoyed a 32 percent lower heart attack risk than women who only ate these berries once a month (or not at all).近日发表在美国心脏学会期刊《循环》(Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association)上的一项研究指出,大量食用蓝莓和草莓的女性,比每月只吃一次或不吃的女性,患心脏病的几率要少32%。 /201404/285932

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